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ಚಿಕ್ಕಬಳ್ಳಾಪುರ : is a newly created district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was carved out of the existing Kolar district by moving the taluks of Gauribidanur, Gudibanda, Bagepalli, Chikballapur, Sidlaghatta and Chintamani into the new district.
Chikballapur is the District Headquarters of the newly created (2007 August) District of Chikballapur. The town is approximately 50 km (31 mi) north of Bangalore, the silicon plateau of India. The north-south National Highway NH 7 goes through the town. The town contains a bus headquarters, train station, and is the origin of several national Highways. As a result, it is a key transport link in North Bangalore. The town is within 3 km (1.9 mi) of Muddenahalli (the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya) and its nearby town, Kanivenarayanapura, the sites of the upcoming Sri Sathya Sai Baba University and College of Medicine, IIT Muddenhalli, 600 crore Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced Technology, the 3500 crore Olympic Quality "Sports Village", 200-acre (0.81 km2) Special Economic Zone comprising commercial and residential zones, and a 70 crore "Silk City". As a result of this rapid development, land prices in this area are at an all time high, hovering well over 2 crores per acre.
According to a popular legend, the Marigowda, the son of the chief Avathimalla Biregowda, was hunting one day in the Kodimanchanahalli forest. He found a rabbit standing fearlessly in front of hunting dogs. Excited by this, the chief told his son that it eas a sign of the boldness of the local people. So, he obtained permission from the king of Vijayanagara and built a fort and a town. This in course of time developed into the town of Chickballapur. During the rule of Baichegowda, the king of Mysore attacked the fort but had to withdraw due to the interference of Marathas. Dodda Byregowda, who came to power after Baichegowda, resumed control of the territories seized earlier by Mysore. In 1762, during the rule of Chikkappanayaka, Hyder Ali laid siege the town for a period of three months. Then Chikkappanayaka agreed to pay 5-lakhs pagodas, and the army was withdrawn.
After this, Chikkappa Nayaka with the help of Murariraya of Gooty tried to get back his powers. He was hiding at Nandi hills along with Chikkappa Nayaka. Immediately Hyder Ali took Chickballapur and other places and arrested Chikkappa Nayaka. Then with interfere of Lord Cornwallis, Chickballapur was handed over to Narayanagowda. After knowing this, Tipu Sultan again acquired Chikballapur. In 1791 British occupied Nandi & left Narayanagowda to rule the town. Due to this fight between Britishers and Tipu Sultan again started. Narayanagowda lost his administration. Later on the British defeated Tipu Sultan. Chickballapur also came under the administration of Wodeyars of Mysore, which is now a part of Karnataka.
Note:This Content copied from wikipedia