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Hubli is a major city in the state of Karnataka of India. The name Hubballi literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad, collectively referred to as "Hubli-Dharwad", is the second-largest conurbation in Karnataka after Bangalore. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka. Crops like Cotton and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural areas, and Hubli is a major trading center for both commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, being the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubli Railway Division.
Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Puravada Halli' or 'Purballi' was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jaina basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron.
The British opened a factory here when it came under the Adilshahis. Shivaji looted the factory in 1673. The Mughals conquered it and the place came under the Savanur Nawab who built a new extension named Majidpura and trader Basappa Shetty built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan).
There is the famous Moorusavira Matha, and the Matha authorities claim that it was begun by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period.
Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Savanur Nawab in 1755-56. Later Haider Ali conquered it, but it was recaptured by the Marathas in 1790, and the old town was administered by one Phadke under the Peshwa and the new town by Sangli Patwardhan.
British took old Hubli in 1817 and the new town with 47 other villages was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of the subsidy in 1820. Hubli is a prosperous handloom weaving centre and has a Textile Unit.
The Railway Workshop started here in 1880, made it a reckonable industrial centre.
The Bhavanishankar temple in old Hubli and the impressive Chandramauleshwara / Chaturlinga temple in Unakal are of Chalukyan times. Kundgol, 15 km. south of Hubli, has the huge Shambhu Linga temple of Chalukyan times.
Hubli is a developing industrial hub in Karnataka after Bangalore, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries already established basically located in Gokul Road & Tarihal regions of Hubli. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furnitures, food products, rubber and leather industries and tanning industries.>
To promote the overall economic development of varied industries, institutions and business houses "Karnataka Chamber of Commerce & Industry" was formed, it's one of the premier association, which has been gaining momentum in achieving potential growth and prosperity in Hubli region .And one more key aspect of industrialisation for Hubli-Dharwad was foundation of Agricultural Produce Market Committee, which aimed at providing hassle free market conditions for farmers, to establish regulated & stimulated production of various agricultural related commodities & goods.
Establishment of new generation Diesel Electric railway locomotive shed in the city by Indian railways was another major boost for development of Industries in this region as this was first of its kind in Indian Railways history, this has created a lot of job opportunities for Diploma & Engineering students of this region.
Hubli Software IT Park is situated in the heart of the city and is promoted by the Government of Karnataka IT Department and KEONICS acts as the modal agency for maintaining and marketing of IT Park Hubli.STPI-Hubli Software Technology Parks of India(Organization under the Dept of IT,Govt of India)has been operational from May 2001 and it is located in the 4th Floor of IT Park, to provide data communication, Industry promotion and Incubation services to IT/ITES industry..
Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in the year 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 181.66 km². spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs.
Hubli: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubli-Municipal council was established on August 15, 1855.
Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. The first non-official President of the Council was S.K. Rodda in 1907, and Shri S.V. Mensinkai, was nominated in the following year. But the credit of being the first elected President goes to Shri S.G. Karigudari, who took office in 1920.
Hubli is well known as a commercial as well as industrial centre, where as Dharwad is seat of learning. Popularly believed that, it is this diversity and geographical positions that the state government amalgamated the two cities. The twin-city corporation occupies unique place in Karnataka State. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the largest city Corporation in the State.
Hubli is well connected by road, rail and air. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquarted at Gokul Road, Hubli. There is excellent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad as NWKRTC and Bendre Nagara Sarige (a consortium of private bus-owners) healthily compete to cater to the large number of commuters between Hubli and Dharwad daily. Bus services from the twin-cities exist to every part of Karnataka and neighbouring states and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and Bangalore, Mangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Hyderabad.
Several express and passenger trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore everyday. Hubli being an important railway junction has daily trains to Gadag, Bagalkot, Bijapur, Solapur, Bellary, Belgaum, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Vijayawada, Mysore,Tirupati and weekly services to Chennai, Howrah and Thiruvanantapuram.
Kingfisher Airlines provides daily flights to Bangalore, Hyderabad and Mumbai.
Note:This Content copied from wikipedia