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Puttur is a town in the Dakshina Kannada district, in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Puttur Taluk. The town is located 52 km from Mangalore, along the Mysore-Mangalore highway, in a hilly region between the coast and the Western Ghats. In 2006, it has a population of 48,063. The major occupation of its inhabitants is agriculture. The National Research Centre for Cashew and main CAMPCO Factory is located in Puttur. Tulu and Kannada are spoken here.
Puttur Town Municipal Council was formed in the year 1973 by upgrading the Town Panchayath. The area covered by the then TMC was only Puttur Kasaba village extent being 11 km². Later in the year 1996 the portions of adjacent villages, which were developing as part of this Town, were merged to form the present Town Municipality extending the area to 34 km² with 27 councilor wards.
Puttur is the second biggest town in the District, situated on Mangalore-Mysore Highway (Bantwal-Mysore State Highway 88) and is 52 km away from Mangalore, the District head quarter. Puttur was the Taluk Headquarters to the present Sullia Taluk, Belthangady Taluk and present Vittla (Vittal) Firka of Bantwal Taluk. After the taluk reorganization Puttur is the taluk headquarters with 37 Village Panchayaths covering 68 villages. Even after the reorganization of Taluks, Puttur continues to be a center for the economic, educational & medical services for the surrounding Taluks. The southern portion of this Taluk is surrounded by the villages of Kerala State.
Puttur is an agro based town of the Coastal region surrounded by several hillocks with lush green forest situated in the belt of Western ghat heavy rainfall. The Major occupation of the people is agriculture. The crops grown mainly are paddy, areca, coconut, cashew, rubber, cocoa bean, chilli, vanilla, pepper and plantains. In addition dairy farming, sericulture and horticulture activities supplement the earnings of the people to some extent.
It is a joint venture of Government of Karnataka and Government of Kerala. It is an enterprise to promote the welfare of cocoa bean growers of both the states. It is the Biggest Factory of its kind in the Asian Continent with imported machineries from Holland. The Factory produces cocoa butter of which major Portion is exported. The different varieties of Chocolate produced here are having indigenous market and some portion is exported. The Nestle company has an agreement with Campco and produces chocolate in its brand name. This chocolate factory has given a new life to the Cocoa Growers of both the States. When commissioned, this was the largest chocolate factory in the country.
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